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Showing posts from September, 2011

JavaScript: Context or Scope

Scope is very confusing specially when we are working on big application. But it's a very useful feature. When function is the part of the object var obj = { isUsed: false, use: function(){ this.isUsed = true; } }; -> obj.use(); -> obj.isUsed; //ans: true What is the context or scope Context or Scope is the boundary where your code executes. var x = 10; function test(){ x = 20; //updated the global vlaue } -> alert(x); //ans: 10 -> test(); -> alert(x); //ans: 20 When 'x' is local variable !!! var x = 10; function test(){ var x = 20; //now x is a local variable of test function } -> alert(x); //ans: 10 -> test(); -> alert(x); //ans: 20 We can change the scope of the function while calling it function fn(){ this.myProperty = 'test'; } -> fn(); -> this.myProperty; //ans: test -> window.myProperty: //ans: test -> myProperty; //ans: test When you run the function 'fn' it will run in globa

JavaScript: Variable type or Object type

In any language it's important and useful to know object type you are dealing with. Here are few ways to identify the object type in java-script var myVar = {}; var myArr = [0,1]; var myStr = ""; var myNum = 1; var myFloat = 1.2; var myBool = true; var myRegx = /abc/; var myClassObj = new function Neeraj(){}; This is widely use method to identify the object type Some well known JS Lib. (ie. jquery, extjs etc.. ) use this technique By Using Object.prototype.toString Object.prototype.toString.apply(myVar); //ans: [object Object] Object.prototype.toString.apply(myArr); //ans: [object Array] Object.prototype.toString.apply(myStr); //ans: [object String] Object.prototype.toString.apply(myNum); //ans: [object Number] Object.prototype.toString.apply(myFloat); //ans: [object Number] Object.prototype.toString.apply(myBool); //ans: [object Boolean] Object.prototype.toString.apply(myRegx); //ans: [object RegExp] Object.prototype.toString.apply(myClassObj);//an

javascript: functions

Creating a function function isNimble(){ return true; } var canFly = function(){ return true; }; window.isDeadly = function(){ return true; }; function call by itself function hello(n){ return n>0? hello(n-1)+"a":"hiy"; } if you don't want to give function name function hello(n){ return n>0?arguments.callee(n-1)+"a":"hiy"; } Named Functions function hello(){return "hiyaa";} //what is the name of the function ? var emp = function myEmp(){return "emp";}; Functions as Objects //Normal JavaScript Object var obj = {}; //Simple function declarication var fn = function(){}; //both has properties obj.prop = "some value"; fn.prop = "some value"; //other existing properties in function -> length, call, apply example: //without cache function isPrime( num ) { var prime = num != 1; // Everything but 1 can be prime for ( var i = 2; i < num; i++